1) Tiny Beginnings & The Grand Unification
In the beginning, the universe was smaller and hotter than a mustard seed. It was even smaller than that. Smaller than tiny, more miniature than microscopic, and hotter than hot. It was smaller, denser, and had more potential energy than anything that exists today.
Within this invisible seed, the forces of nature were unified. They travelled bundled together in high energy packages that could be called Quofs (from the Quanta of the Unified Field), if anyone wanted to give them a name. However, they were only joined in this way due to the extremely extreme and tight conditions they found themselves in. As things began to open up, one by one the forces of nature separated within the primordial little nut.
The first to loosen off was the force that holds all the big things together. It even sounds big. Its name is Gravity, and it shapes our universe on a galactic scale. Despite the fact that it is absolutely everywhere, no-one fully understands how it works. It is a mysterious, omnipresent phenomenon. Some think gravity is substantially different from the other forces, that it was always a separate entity from the beginning, and its effect can travel and disappear into other universes.
Whether it was part of the Grand Unification or not, at some point there were three forces bundled tightly together, which we shall call the Strong Unification. But these three didn’t much like being squeezed together either, and so a powerful member broke off from the trinity – the Strong force.
The Strong Force is called the Strong Force because it is strong. It works invisibly on the tiniest of scales, tightly binding together every object
you can see around you. Without it, matter would simply fall
apart into a gloop of subatomic bits.
The Strong force’s separation from the rest was no casual affair. Whilst going its own way, it spilt unprecedented quantities of energy in all directions and set off the most important event of the ever-so-young universe. In the blink of an eye, as quick as a bursting balloon seen in reverse, the universe inflated.